Subchronic methionine load induces oxidative stress and provokes biochemical and histological changes in the rat liver tissue
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The aim of this study was to assess the effects of l-cysteine (Cys) (7 mg/kg) and N-acetyl-l-cysteine (NAC) (50 mg/kg) in the rat liver caused by subchronic i.p. application of methionine (Met) (0.8 mmol/kg) during 21 days. Malondialdehyde (MDA) concentration, glutathione content (GSH), catalase (CAT), superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GPx), and acetylcholinesterase (AchE) activities were determined in the liver tissue and activities of liver enzymes (AST, ALT, ALP, and GGT) and concentrations of total proteins and albumin were determinated in plasma/serum. Catalase, superoxide dismutase, and acetylcholinesterase activities were increased by Cys and NAC. Met caused periportal mononuclear infiltration and rare focal necrosis of hepatocytes. In Cys- and NAC-supplemented groups, intracellular edema and microvesicular fatty changes without necrosis were noticed. We observed decrease of AST, ALT, and ALP activity in the methionine-treated group. Our results indicate that C...ys and NAC application can increase activity of antioxidative enzymes and prevent intensive histological changes in liver in condition of subchronic methionine exposure.
Keywords:Methionine / Antioxidants / Morphometry / Biochemical analysis / Liver / Rat
Source:Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry, 2018, 448, 1-2, 43-50
- Springer, Dordrecht