Clostridium botulinum spores in European honey bees from Serbia
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A total of 61 honey bees from different regions of the Republic of Serbia were analyzed for Clostridium botulinum (C. botulinum) spores. The microbiological methods and molecular methods (multiplex PCR/mPCR and PCR method) were utilized to examine multiple subunits of each honey bees samples. The C. botulinum spores in PCR-positive samples were estimated by the most probable number method (MPN). The presence of C. botulinum spores, by applying mPCR and PCR methods, was detected in 1 of the 61 honey bees (1.64%). Using MPN method, the number of spores in positive sample was 110/kg. Detection of C. botulinum spores directly from untreated honey bees, without prior enrichment, is impossible by applying PCR. Using conventional microbiological methods, detection of C. botulinum spores in dead honey bees is not possible without preenrichment. Therefore, conventional, microbiological methods are not suitable for the detection of C. botulinum spores in honey bees. In order to detect C. botulin...um spores in honey bees using PCR methods, due to the small and/or unequal distribution of spores in the samples, it is desirable to use multiple subunits/replicates for each sample examined.
Keywords:Apis mellifera / Clostridium botulinum / microbiological methods / PCR
Source:Journal of Apicultural Research, 2019, 58, 3, 420-426
- Taylor & Francis Ltd, Abingdon