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dc.creatorUzelac, Aleksandra
dc.creatorBetić, Nikola
dc.creatorKarabasil, Nedjeljko
dc.creatorĆirković, Vladimir
dc.creatorDjurković-Djaković, Olgica
dc.creatorKlun, Ivana
dc.date.accessioned2023-08-17T08:51:24Z
dc.date.available2023-08-17T08:51:24Z
dc.date.issued2023
dc.identifier.issn2076-2607
dc.identifier.urihttps://vet-erinar.vet.bg.ac.rs/handle/123456789/3136
dc.description.abstractAs pork is an important source for Toxoplasma gondii infection, we have analyzed T. gondii genotypes and toxoplasmosis prevalence in pigs in Serbia in the context of production statistics and economics to assess the specific risk to public health. Genotyping was performed using MnPCRRFLP; T. gondii-specific IgG antibodies were detected using a modified agglutination test (MAT); and statistical data were extracted from official records and provided by government authorities. The results indicate that, from 2006 to 2021, the median number of annually slaughtered pigs was 5.6 million, yet only 36.1% were processed by abattoirs. The remainder were “backyard pigs” slaughtered on family farms and homesteads. Toxoplasmosis seroprevalence in market-weight (MW) pigs prior to 2006 was 15.2%, and was 15.1% in 2019. The seroprevalence in owned city cats, likely infected by livestock meat, was 33.2%. ToxoDB#1 was identified in pig tissues. The results indicate that backyard pigs are the backbone of the industry and provide as much as 60% of the pork in Serbia. The seroprevalence in pigs and city cats shows that farms are reservoirs for the parasite. Thus, innovative means of reducing T. gondii infection designed with backyard farmers in mind are needed to reduce the risk to public health.sr
dc.language.isoensr
dc.publisherMDPIsr
dc.relationinfo:eu-repo/grantAgreement/MESTD/inst-2020/200015/RS//sr
dc.relationinfo:eu-repo/grantAgreement/MESTD/inst-2020/200050/RS//sr
dc.relationinfo:eu-repo/grantAgreement/MESTD/inst-2020/200143/RS//sr
dc.rightsopenAccesssr
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.sourceMicroorganismssr
dc.subjectToxoplasma gondiisr
dc.subjectbackyard pigssr
dc.subjectprevalencesr
dc.subjectpublic healthsr
dc.subjectbiosecuritysr
dc.subjectoocystssr
dc.titleA Pork Industry in the Backyard: An Analysis of Toxoplasma gondii Infection in Serbia’s Pigssr
dc.typearticlesr
dc.rights.licenseBYsr
dc.citation.volume11
dc.citation.issue7
dc.citation.spage1857
dc.identifier.doi10.3390/microorganisms11071857
dc.identifier.fulltexthttp://veterinar.vet.bg.ac.rs/bitstream/id/9273/bitstream_9273.pdf
dc.type.versionpublishedVersionsr


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