Supercritical carbon dioxide extraction of carrot fruit essential oil: Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity
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Isolation of carrot fruit (Daucus carrota L., cultivar Chanteney) essential oil by supercritical carbon dioxide was investigated from the pretreatment of herbaceous matrix and extraction conditions to the chemical composition of obtained extract and its antimicrobial activity. The qualitative and quantitative analyses of the supercritical extract, as well as of the essential oil obtained by hydrodistillation, were done by GC/FID and GC/MS methods. Antimicrobial properties of both samples were investigated against ten species of microorganisms. Experimental results showed that the particle size had no influence on the extraction process. The highest yield was obtained at 40 degrees C and 10 MPa. The main component of the supercritical extract, as well as of the essential oil was carotol. The supercritical extract was characterized by the presence of heavier molecular weight compounds, while some lighter compounds, e.g. pinenes, were not detected. The supercritical extract and the essent...ial oil were the most effective against Gram-positive bacteria.
Keywords:carrot fruit / carotol / supercritical fluid extraction / essential oil / antimicrobial activity
Source:Food Chemistry, 2007, 105, 1, 346-352
- Elsevier Sci Ltd, Oxford