Selenium, thiobarbituric acid reactive substances, and thyroid hormone activation in broilers supplemented with selenium as selenized yeast or sodium selenite
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The objective of this experiment was to compare the efficiencies of sodium selenite (SS) and selenized yeast (SY) supplemented at different doses (0.05 and 0.30 mg Se/kg feed) with respect to plasma glutathione peroxidase (Gpx) activity, extent of oxidative lipid injury, and thyroid hormone activation in broilers during the first four weeks of growth. Results indicate a significant increase in plasma Gpx activity and reduction in thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) in all supplemented groups at 4 weeks of age compared to 2-week-old chicks. Plasma thyronine activation was highest in SY supplemented broilers. It can be concluded that in the first 4 weeks of broiler life selenite has a more efficient antioxidative effect which is reflected in lower plasma and liver TBARS values. However, broiler feed supplementation with selenized yeast results in a more proficient conversion of T4 to T3.
Keywords:Broilers / selenium / TBARS / thyroid hormones
Source:Japanese Journal of Veterinary Research, 2011, 59, 2-3, 69-77
- Hokkaido Univ, Sapporo